Basic Package Management With RPM command
The RPM Package Manager (RPM) is a powerful command line driven package management system capable of installing, uninstalling, verifying, querying, and updating software packages for RPM based Linux Distros. This is adopted by many Linux Distros such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora , SUSE Linux, openSUSE, CentOS, Meego, Mageia and many others.
It is also used on many other operating systems as well, and the RPM format is part of the Linux Standard Base .
Working with the rpm command
The rpm command performs the most common package-management functions, along with a host of uncommon functions as well. The table below lists the main operations you can perform with the rpm command and the command-line options to specify the given operations.
rpm command operations :
|Operation||Short Option||Long Option|
|Freshen (upgrade) already-installed package||-F||--freshen|
Using this table as a guide, you can explore the options to the rpm command. To install or upgrade a package, use the -U command-line option:
rpm -U filename.rpm
Or , You can also use rpm -i filename.rpm for installation but you can use rpm -U filename.rpm for both installation and Upgrading purpose.
For example, to install the mlocate RPM used as an example in this chapter, run the following command:
rpm -U mlocate-0.22.2-2.i686.rpm
To get extra feedback, you can use a command like the following, with the -h and -v options in conjunction with the -U option:
rpm -Uhv mlocate-0.22.2-2.i686.rpm
When you run this command you will see more output than the default, which is no output unless there are errors. With the -h option, the rpm command will print a series of hash marks, #, to provide feedback that the command is still running. With the -v option, the rpm command provides more verbose messages.
To remove a package (called erase in RPM terminology), use the -e command-line option:
rpm -e package_name
To list every RPM package installed on your system, use a command like the following.
Expect to wait while this command completes. Most Linux systems have numerous packages installed, which will result in many lines of output. To better see the output, you can pipe this command to the more command, as shown following:
rpm -qa | more
You will then see the package listing one screen at a time.